Alberto Giacometti was a Swiss sculptor, painter, draftsman, and printmaker. Giacometti was a popular artist and sculptor renowned for his complete dedication to his work. Alberto Giacometti is best known for is sculptures of the human form, stretched out with elongated limbs.
Alberto Giacometti was born in the little village of Borgonovo in the
Swiss canton of Grisons on October 10, 1901. He spent his first school
years in the neighboring village of Stampa. Alberto's father, Giovanni
Giacometti, was a neo-impressionist painter, and under his instructions
Alberto learned to paint and make models.
His father introduced him to
working in the atelier, his godfather (the painter Cuno Amiet) taught
him the latest styles and techniques, and the other members of his
family assisted with his artistic development by sitting for him as
models. In 1916, during high school, Alberto Giacometti displayed total
mastery of impressionist language in a portrait of his mother modeled
with plastilina. Shortly before graduating from secondary school,
Alberto Giacometti dropped out of school in 1919 to fully dedicate
himself to art.
Following a trip to Venice and Rome in 1920, during which Giacometti
developed a passion for the work of
Tintoretto and Giotto, Alberto Giacometti
resolved to recover the innocent gaze of man's origins through primitive
art and anthropology. In 1922 Alberto Giacometti moved to Paris to study
under the sculptor Antoine Bourdelle, an associate of Auguste Rodin. It
was there that Alberto Giacomettiexperimented with
surrealism. Among Alberto Giacometti's
associates were Joan Miró,
Pablo Picasso and Balthus. It was at this point Alberto Giacometti
started writing and drawing for his magazine "Le surréalisme au Service
de la Révolution" and he began to establish himself as a leading
sculptor of the Surrealist movement.