Germany has a great artistic tradition. The original forms of expression of Franz Marc, Emil Nolde and Max Ernst, Ludwig Kirchner and the urban images of Max Beckmann, George Grosz and Otto Dix left their mark on the first 30 years of the last century and formed the basis of the high esteem in which German Expressionism is held around the world.
The Bauhaus School was an academy of art and design founded in Weimar,
Germany in 1919 by Walter Gropius. Bauhaus is a German expression that
literally means "house for building." The Bauhaus school was founded to
rebuild the country after a devastating war and also form a new social
As a social program, the Bauhaus’s ideals were that the artist must
recognize his social responsibility to the community and likewise, the
community must accept and support the artist. In the artistic theory,
the Bauhaus school strived to produce a new approach to architecture
that incorporated artistic design, craftsmanship, and modern machine
technology. Their aim was the use the principles of Classical
architecture in its pure form without ornamentation. Therefore, Bauhaus
architects rejected details such as cornices, eaves, and other
decorative elements. The Bauhaus was founded by combining the Weimar Art
Academy and the Weimar Arts and Crafts School, thus students were
trained as both artist and craftsman.
The Bauhaus holds a place of its own in the culture and visual art
history of 20th century. This outstanding school affirmed innovative
training methods and also created a place of production and a focus of
international debate. It brought together a number of the most
outstanding contemporary architects and artists. The Bauhaus stood
almost alone in attempt to achieve reconciliation between the aesthetics
of design and the more commercial demands of industrial mass production.
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