Neo-Expressionism comprised a varied assemblage of young artists who had returned to portraying the human body and other recognizable objects, in reaction to the remote, introverted, highly intellectualized abstract art production of the 1970s. The movement was linked to and in part generated by new and aggressive methods of salesmanship, media promotion, and marketing on the part of dealers and galleries. It was a diverse art movement that dominated the art market in Europe and the United States during the early and mid-1980s.
The German artist Georg Baselitz
(his painting "Lenin on the Tribune " is shown above) is regarded as a
leading pioneer of the neo-expressionism style of art. Other artists
associated with this movement include Jean-Michel Basquiat
(painting shown below), Arnold Mesches, Susan Rothenberg, and Julian
Schnabel. Schnabel is famous for encrusting his paint surface with
broken crockery. The titles of Julian Schnabel's works are often as
deliberately crude as their handling, for example his artwork entitled
"Circum-Navigating the Sea of Shit ".